Goscomvoyenprom collegium sums up the 2016 results
Goscomvoyenprom collegium sums up the 2016 results
A meeting of the Goscomvoyenprom collegium was held under the chairmanship of Chairman of the Belarusian State Military Industrial Committee (Goscomvoyenprom) Sergei Gurulev on 27 January. The participants summed up the results of activities of Goscomvoyenprom and its organisations during 2016, as well as identified measures and set targets to ensure sustainable development in 2017.
The event was attended by Belarusian Deputy Prime Minister Vladimir Semashko, Defence Minister Lt. Gen. Andrei Ravkov, representatives of cooperating agencies, heads of Goscomvoyenprom’s structural subdivisions, heads of Goscomvoyenprom companies, their deputies for economy, foreign trade, development and science, chief engineers and general (chief) designers, as well as heads of some of defence companies.
The report made by Goscomvoyenprom Chairman Sergei Gurulev contained a detailed analysis of the programme for the development of the defence sector and Goscomvoyenprom to 2020, including measures for the implementation of integrated comprehensive projects in 2016.
In addition, the Goscomvoyenprom chairman summed up the implementation of measures of the 2016-2020 State Arms Programme and the State Defence Order during 2016, as well as focused on new areas of activity and indicators of socio-economic development and modernisation. He also identified the main objectives for the current year, defined aims and objectives, set priorities and announced the expected results.
According to Gurulev, 2016 – the first year of the five-year period – was successful for the industry.
Goscomvoyenprom has fulfilled the tasks of ensuring the activities and creating conditions for improving the competitiveness of the defence sector and its capabilities to develop and manufacture advanced weapons and promote them to foreign and domestic markets.
According to the Goscomvoyenprom chairman, today while evaluating the results and recognising the successes and shortcomings it is important to adjust and refine the work, as well as identify prospects for the development of the whole industry and certain areas.
Belarusian defence companies have to work under the conditions that exist (and there will not be any other conditions). They also have to take into account risks, overcome difficulties and solve problems quickly.
The basis of the defence industry’s plans are measures for the development of military products, which are delivered to the Belarusian Defence Minister and other uniformed departments, as well as the execution of works and services to ensure national defence and state security. Existing scientific-technical and industrial potential has allowed the companies to quickly and efficiently start integrated projects that were identified for implementation in the five-year period.
In 2016, the defence companies delivered more than 600 units of new, upgraded and repaired weapons and special equipment, particularly fire weapons, communication and electronic warfare systems and mobile platforms for weapon systems, to the Belarusian Armed Forces.
The most important result of 2016 in Fire Weapons segment was the introduction into service and delivery to the Armed Forces of the Polonez MLRS with a range of up to 200 km. The system was developed for Goscomvoyenprom by the Precision Electromechanics Plant (ZTEM) with the direct involvement of the Defence Ministry. The project was an example of successful cooperation between national governing bodies and defence companies.
Goscomvoyenprom has commissioned ZTEM to begin the development of an MLRS with a range of up to 300 km. It is planned to reach the level of localisation of its components up to 85%.
The companies have established a system for modernisation and extension of the technical suitability period of missiles of various classes for both the Belarusian Armed Forces and foreign customers.
Development is under way of a medium-range surface-to-air missile system based on the Buk system, as well as anti-tank missile system and grenade launcher. Guided short-range air-to-air missiles are being modernised.
The development of robotic systems is the main trend in the military industry. Belarus is, at least among the post-Soviet countries, one of the leaders in the segment of tactical fixed- and rotary-wing unmanned aircraft systems (UAS).
It is no coincidence that the Drone Database, which includes profiles of 150 unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) from 48 countries and which was compiled by the Center for the Study of the Drone at Bard College (New York) and American organisation CNAS includes two Belarusian-made drones. These drones are the Berkut-2E fixed-wing UAV, which is part of the tactical short-range UAS, and the INDELA-I.N.SKY rotary-wing UAV, which is part of the INDELA-SKY multifunctional UAS.
The Goscomvoyenprom companies in cooperation with Belarusian companies of different forms of ownership have developed the following systems in this segment: tactical short-range UASs Berkut-1 and Mosquito, the Berkut-2 tactical short-range UAS, and the Grif-100 multifunctional UAS with a range of up to 100 km. The companies have also developed a number of components and payloads, which can be used both independently and as part of the UAS.
Some UASs have already been taken into service and are used in the units of the Belarusian Armed Forces and the State Border Committee.
The Grif-100 UAS is to enter service in 2017 after field tests.
The 558 Aircraft Repair Plant has done the greatest amount of work in establishing production facilities that use the latest technological processes and enable the production of UASs that are developed in-house and those designed by third-party developers.
In the Electronic Intelligence and Electronic Warfare Systems segment, the Goscomvoyenprom companies (using the production facilities of KB Radar, the management company of the Radar Systems Holding) work successfully on the development, production and delivery of radar systems, electronic warfare systems and signals intelligence systems to the Belarusian Armed Forces and foreign partners.
In 2016, the companies continued the series production of the Rosa-RB low-altitude radar for the Belarusian Defence Ministry. The Vostok-3D three-dimensional radar and jammers Groza-2 and Groza-6 are being successfully developed. The Groza-S counter-UAV station is in completion stage.
OKB TSP works in this segment to develop the RLS-50 autonomous three-dimensional solid-state S-band surveillance radar that effectively detects stealthy aerial targets.
In the Weapons Mobility Systems segment, a line of mobility systems is being designed, which are the basis for the development of weapon systems of different purposes.
In 2016, series-produced vehicles MZKT-500200 were handed over to the Defence Ministry. Tactical vehicles MZKT-600100 and MZKT-600200 are being improved following testing. It is planned to start production of the vehicles, including in the interests of the Armed Forces.
Goscomvoyenprom implements one of the most important integrated projects on the development and series production of a family of fighting armoured vehicles on cross-country chassis in accordance with the requirements worked out by the Defence Ministry.
The bulk of the work was carried out in 2016. It is planned to complete the development and start production of the V-1 light armoured vehicle at the Minsk Wheel Tractor Plant in April 2017. Alongside this, the vehicle’s modifications and export version are under development.
The 140 Repair Plant successfully carries out the development and modernisation of armoured vehicles. The Cayman armoured vehicle underwent preliminary testing in 2016.
The Goscomvoyenprom chairman announced that the 2017 parade of the Minsk Garrison troops would feature ten light armoured vehicles (in different modifications).
In the Combat Geoinformation Systems segment, in 2016 the work was carried out to develop a complete range of military communication systems.
Communication systems are produced and delivered to the Defence Ministry. The customer received about 500 radio stations, telephones and relay stations in 2016.
MNIPI has established cooperation with the Main Ideological Directorate of the Defence Ministry and completed the development of the PIK-2015 portable multifunction information centre (a compact analogue of the mobile information centre intended for information support of units (company – battalion) in the field), which was designed for the directorate.
The above-mentioned projects are identified in the Defence Sector and Goscomvoyenprom Development Programme to 2020 and allow the committee to deal with the matters of arms development in a comprehensive and systemic manner.
A large-scale project to create the Belarusian national satellite communications and broadcasting system was carried out in 2016.
The BELINTERSAT-1 satellite was successfully launched and tested in orbit. The development of the ground control software was completed. The commercialisation of the investment project is on the agenda.
In 2016, Goscomvoyenprom paid particular attention to a new area – regulation of experimental aviation activities.
The development of key technical normative legal acts, which fully provide the regulation of activities in the field of experimental aviation and allow for the certification of respective aircraft, was completed.
To do this, structural subdivisions were established at the 558 Aircraft Repair Plant and AGAT-Control Systems. The subdivisions have been accredited. Since last September, they have been ready to conduct certification tests of aircraft.
Therefore, Goscomvoyenprom initiates the introduction of additions and changes to the Belarusian Air Code, providing for mandatory certification of both Belarusian-made UAVs (UASs) and those imported from abroad, as well as the introduction of the provisions that authorise Goscomvoyenprom to carry out certification.
The main 2016 result in the development of navigation is the beginning of practical implementation of scientific and technical potential that was accumulated in 2011-2015.
The activities of AGAT-Control Systems, the management company of the Geoinformation Control Systems Holding as a network operator in the field of navigation received favourable reviews.
The company has started the development of new navigation and information systems and equipment for BelAZ, Belpochta and the Ministry of Forestry, as well as established cooperation with the Minsk Automobile Plant and Amkodor.
The objectives include the establishment at AGAT-Control Systems of an efficient system of product testing and conformity assessment.
Fulfilling the requirements and tasks set by Goscomvoyenprom, the companies are modernising their industrial and scientific base necessary for the manufacture of new products. Last year, the Goscomvoyenprom companies allocated significant funds in the creation of new production facilities and improvement of existing ones, as well as in the purchase of high-tech equipment.
This made it possible to successfully carry out projects and bring the defence sector to a new level of development. This also increased labour productivity, which in some companies reached a level comparable with the European average level. The problem of equipment wear and tear is being addressed. The wear coefficient decreased by more than half in some companies.
The Goscomvoyenprom chairman said that the most important task in 2017 and subsequent years for companies should be to identify new and promising, and most importantly, in-demand products, as well as search for new projects.
According to Sergei Gurulev, more and more defence companies of various forms of ownership and subordination are involved in the implementation of joint projects. The use of their scientific and technological potential is one of the effective tools for the implementation of state policy in the field of arms development. New technologies developed by the defence industry will improve export opportunities and competitiveness of Belarusian-made products.
Therefore, it is no coincidence that the Belarusian State Innovation Development Programme for 2016-2020 is aimed at ensuring quality growth and competitiveness of the national economy with the concentration of resources on building its high-tech sectors and industries based on the fifth and sixth technological paradigms. The high-tech sectors include information and aerospace technologies, nuclear power and alternative energy sources, bio- and nanotechnologies, instrumentation engineering and electronics industry.
Being proactive, Goscomvoyenprom successfully develops scientific sectors (engineering schools), which today have development prospects and are progressive in the world and increasingly promoted in our country. These sectors are space instrumentation engineering, electronics, information technologies and robotics.
Today, exports remain the key point that requires efforts to provide balanced economic development of Goscomvoyenprom and defence companies. The basis of competitiveness is innovation-driven growth, decrease in all types of costs and increasing contribution of companies in the development and production of finished military products.
The Goscomvoyenprom chairman compared military-technical cooperation with litmus paper that helps assess the overall work of the committee.
“If there is a demand for products in foreign markets, then the work is carried out effectively and lines of development have been chosen right,” said Sergei Gurulev.
Activities in the field of military-technical cooperation in 2016 were aimed at creating and maintaining a favourable environment for securing and increasing the presence of Belarusian companies in foreign markets.
Belarus has extended its international cooperation over the last year and now cooperates with almost 50 countries worldwide, with Russia being the main partner of our country in the sphere of military-technical cooperation.
To extend military-technical cooperation, the country has used all available mechanisms of cooperation with foreign countries – from negotiations and meetings of committees on military-technical cooperation to joint displays at major international exhibitions organised under the auspices of Goscomvoyenprom.
Collective displays were organised at eight major international defence exhibitions. They contribute to building a positive image of Belarus as an arms exporter, allow for providing state support for promotion of military products and services in foreign markets.
The Goscomvoyenprom chairman stressed that there had not been any violations of the country’s international obligations in the field of export control, and in the course of international events the Belarusian national system of export control had been repeatedly praised.
Sergei Gurulev also assigned a task of hosting the eighth international arms exhibition MILEX 2017 at the highest organisational level to show the achievements of innovation activities, interaction between science and defence sector, and international scientific and technical cooperation, as well as to confirm the image of Belarus as a country with a high level of intellectual capital.
Successful implementation by the Goscomvoyenprom companies of the main task of manufacturing military products that are in-demand both in the domestic and foreign markets has allowed the companies to achieve qualitative indicators of socio-economic development.
The Goscomvoyenprom companies have fulfilled the tasks that were set in 2016. There was the positive dynamics: industrial production growth increased 1.5-fold; investment growth increased 1.9-fold; net profit was two times bigger than expected; there was a high return on sales.
Summarising the 2016 results, the following companies have been recognised as the best:
among industrial companies – the Minsk Wheel Tractor Plant, the 558 Aircraft Repair Plant
among scientific organisations and design bureaus – Peleng, KB Radar
among special exporters – Belvneshpromservice
Translated by Olga Klevko